当前位置: bwin娱乐城 棋牌游戏 > 高考备战 > 试题 > 英语 > 英语真题 > 时间:2010-04-16 15:49


bwin娱乐城 棋牌游戏   人物传记类

  第一部分 五年高考题荟萃 来源:bwin娱乐城 棋牌游戏请保留.

  Passage 1


  Four people in England back in 1953, stared at Photo 51,It wasn't much-a picture showing a black X. But three of these people won the Nobel Prize for figuring out what the photo really showed -the shape of DNA The discovery brought fame and fortune to scientists James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins. The fourth, the one who actually made the picture, was left out.

  Her name was Rosalind Franklin."She should have been up there," says historian Mary Bowden." If her photos hadn't been there, the others couldn't have come up with the structure." One reason Franklin was missing was that she had died of cancer four years before the Nobel decision. But now scholars doubt that Franklin was not only robbed of her life by disease but robbed of credit by her competitors

  At Cambridge University in the 1950s, Watson and Click tried to make models by cutting up shapes of DNA's parts and then putting them together. In the meantime, at King's College in London, Franklin and Wilkins shone X-rays at the molecule(分子). The rays produced patterns reflection the shape.

  But Wilkins and Franklin's relationship was a lot rockier than the celebrated teamwork of Watson and Crick, Wilkins thought Franklin was hired to be his assistant .But the college actually employed her to take over the DNA project.

  What she did was produce X-ray pictures that told Watson and Crick that one of their early models was inside out. And she was not shy about saying so. That angered Watson, who attacked her in return, "Mere inspection suggested that she would not easily bend. Clearly she had to to go or be put in her place."

  As Franklin's competitors, Wilkins, Watson and Crick had much to gain by cutting her out of the little group of researchers, says historian Pnina Abir-Am. In 1962 at the Nobel Prize awarding ceremony, Wilkins thanked 13 colleagues by name before he mentioned Franklin, Watson wrote his book laughing at her. Crick wrote in 1974 that "Franklin was only two steps away from the solution."

  No, Franklin was the solution. "She contributed more than any other player to solving the structure of DNA . She must be considered a co-discoverer," Abir-Am says. This was backed up by Aaron Klug, who worked with Franklin and later won a Nobel Prize himself. Once described as the "Dark Lady of DNA", Franklin is finally coming into the light.

  57. What is the text mainly about?

  A. The disagreements among DNA researchers.

  B. The unfair treatment of Franklin.

  C. The process of discovering DNA.

  D. The race between two teams of scientists.

  58. Watson was angry with Franklin because she .

  A. took the lead in the competition B. kept her results from him

  C. proved some of his findings wrong D. shared her data with other scientists

  59. Why is Franklin described as "Dark Lady of DNA"?

  A. She developed pictures in dark labs.

  B. She discovered the black X-the shape of DNA.

  C. Her name was forgotten after her death.

  D. Her contribution was unknown to the public.

  60. What is the writer's attitude toward Wilkins, Watson and Crick?

  A. Disapproving. B. Respectful. C. Admiring. D. Doubtful.

  答案 57.B 58.C 59.D 60.A


  整理:广东高考网 请关注:英语真题
  上一篇:(英语)五年高考、三年联考:阅读理解之社会生活类 下一篇:(英语)五年高考、三年联考:阅读理解之科普知识类
  • 在当今这种情况下,搞全民低保比搞计划经济更好,一方面科技发展足以全民低保,另一方面在有基本生活保障的前提下的竞争才是良性竞争 2018-12-15
  • 安徽考试院高考志愿填报指南:避开误区 从容填报志愿 2018-12-15
  • 广州跨境电商进口增长强劲 2018-12-14
  • 图解:谁是北京雾霾元凶?燃煤已经排除嫌疑了 2018-12-13
  • 2017年哈尔滨对俄跨境电商邮政小包裹同比增55.2% 2018-12-12
  • 【理上网来·辉煌十九大】许志勇:以金融改革助力乡村振兴 2018-12-11
  • 孟非探秘郎酒天宝洞,汪俊林作陪亲述洞藏密码探案 解码 2018-12-11
  • 这个问题,不是我们那些学者所讲的,国家崛起美国害怕了。而是美国舞着大棒,配合国内的资本共同讹诈。 2018-12-10
  • 人事 江西两设区市任免一批领导干部 2018-12-10
  • 古井贡酒举行2017秋季开酿大典 2018-12-09
  • 广州市增城区人民法院公告专栏 2018-12-09
  • 曲青山:关于实现中国梦的时间节点 2018-12-08
  • 特朗普向朝鲜大将敬了个礼,遭美国媒体猛批 2018-12-08
  • 安徽快3派奖热销 宿州彩民一天两趟忙兑奖 2018-12-07
  • 水果-热门标签-华商生活 2018-12-06
  • 746| 51| 193| 618| 236| 522| 914| 749| 551| 269|